Exposed (Annika Bengtzon, hGe and aalf to see what I mean I bet you will then read the rest of the book to find out what prison gangs are really all about and what realistic things can be done to make the system vastly better for taxpayers prisoners and societyThat should be all you need to get
into this wonderful book but if you still want let me know and I can give you details of this wonderful book but if you still want let me know and I can give you details of things that really
"Intrigued Andor Impressed "andor impressed me into the nature and purpose of prison gangs through the lens of an economist I don t always agree with the technical tools and economic explanations used but they do lead to conclusions that are interesting and appear to be reasonable Namely that prison gangs arose to fill a security and power vacuum which the prisons and prison staff wereare unable or unwilling to provide themselves Due in part to overcrowding corruption changes in sentencing practices and a variety of other factors The gangs also serve to stabilize and coordinate the in prison economy of drugs weapons information etc at a cost The gangs maintain order and their authority through a monopoly on violenceFairly well put together and easy to read Though certainly not written from a radical prison abolitionist stance the author does seem to arrive at positions which point vaguely in that direction Some really interesting data points but the book illustrates the problem with relying on self interested sources in this case prison officials and COs to discern the workings of otherwise opaue institutions Especially on the crucial uestion of Ooko how prevalent gang activity is in certain systems for which the author onlyas the opinions of prison officials and they are uite interested in making the gang problem seem as large as possible to justify their budgetary needs Alternative titles for this book Anarchy Doesn t Exist or Why Hobbes and Lock Were Wrong Skarbek provides an engaging overview of the US mostly California prison system and provides a compelling way of understanding the emergence of prison gangs He uses the analytical tools of economics drawing on signaling theory constitutional political economy and industrial organization to provide a narrative in which prison gangs emerge to provide protection when norms based on decentralized enforcement no longer provided adeuate means of governing social interactions within the prison system This book is a great example using the economic way of thinking ie rational choice theory to understand something that Naked has been seen as falling outside the realm of the study of rational actors We learn that we should not see prisoners as non rational actors who onlyave a preference for racism and violence Skarbek shows that profit can provide the incentive necessary to curtail violent behavior and set up organizations to provide governance for impersonal exchange We also see that monopoly power is incredibly important to the reduction of violence Skarbek documents these aspects and of prison gangs during a period when the increase in prison gangs power coincided with a reduction in violence among prisoners The argument that under current conditions gangs make prisoners experiences better and safer than the relevant alternatives which do not include everyone acting peacefully of their own accord is provocative and well supportedBeyond just understanding prison gangs and the environmental factors that led to their emergence Skarbek does an excellent job of describing the process of Shadow Scale (Seraphina, how impersonal exchange emerges after norms governing personal exchange break down He accomplishes this better than many other authors whoave attempted it including Leeson North and Greif A key uestion in this literature is where the shadow of state pro. Ct them and why they Claim The Crown have a powerful influence over crime even beyond prison walls The ramifications ofis findings extend far beyond the seemingly irrational and often tragic society of captives They also illuminate ow social and political order can emerge in conditions where the traditional institutions of governance do not exist. The Social Order of the Underworld How Prison Gangs Govern the American Penal System 2014 by David Skarbek is a fascinating look into when In the Shadow of the Crown (Queens of England, how and why prison gangsave formed in the
US AND HOW THEY OPERATE THE and Bark how they operate The concentrates on the Californian Prison SystemPrior to the 1950s the Californian Prison systemoused a fairly small number of inmates and Skarbek says there were no gangs instead prison inmates On Such a Full Sea had a code that they obeyed that was fairly simple but allowed inmates to remain fairly safe As the population of inmates grew rapidly prison became dangerous as new inmates didn t know the code and inmatesad little in common with each other In order to provide protection gangs arose and then began to provide services for inmates including drugs and payment systems and a method of enforcing agreements The gangs formed along ethnic lines and geographic lines Skarbek argues not because of racial attitudes but simply because race is something that allows easy identification These gangs create their own rules and even write their own constitutions They recruit people who they believe will serve the organisation wellThe gangs allow people to do deals by ensuring that people are trustworthy because they will enforce contracts For instance if a white inmate gets drugs from a latino inmate and then refuses to pay the white gangs will actually force the inmate to pay or physically Hello, Hippo! Goodbye, Bird! harmim to keep order Skarbek points out that prison gangs actually reduce riots and some kinds of violence as the gangs want things to be orderly so that they can make money from their illicit activities Prison lockdowns due to riots Cannibal hurt gang profits The many downsides of gangs their own kinds of violence and the corruption they lead to are not ignored The remarkable pressure that they manage to bring to bear on crime outside prisons is explained convincingly The book provides a really interesting glimpse intoow the underworld organises itself It s really interesting to read about Mastered (The Enforcers, howuman self organisation arises in incredibly inhospitable environments This is
not an ethnography It is ard to say what it is It is not really suitable for anybody who works in an ethnography It is ard to say what it is It is not really suitable for anybody who works in because the information presented is common knowledge It is not really appropriate for those interested in corrections because it oversimplifies gangs in prison I was fine with the book until the end when the author started to offer suggestions for improvements to the corrections system such as a prison voucher system so inmates can choose their facility which Alter Ego he believes will make prisons workarder to make their inmates want to stay at their facility I m taking off a star for Skarbek s wooden writing style Other than that this is an impressively well researched ighly coherent analysis of a subculture that by its very nature as a strong incentive to Uncommon Wisdom hide its existence from anthropological inuiry I daresay itas revolutionized the way I conceptualize organized crime in prison rather than continuing to see it as dysfunctional aberration of a ealthy market economy elmed by psychotic ultraviolence addicts I m inclined to favor Skarbek s theory that it is a natural step in social evolution when the typical consumer demands of a severely confined population collide with an lack of legitimate governance to protect the welfare of market actors An interesting take on racism on page 101 inmates who don t know each other can t identify as easily whether someone is a Marxist or a Christian or as uickly as determining whether the inmate is white or blackan inmate cannot change is race so racial segregation limitstaking advantage of groups or falsely claiming membership in a group Gangs do not form to promote racism When most people think of prison gangs they think of chaotic bands of violent racist thugs Few people think of gangs as sophisticated organizations often with elaborate written constitutions that regulate the prison black market adjudicate conflicts and strategically balance the competing demands of inmates gang members and correctio. Ace facilitates gang governance The problem described ere seems to be in a God Is in the Crowd heavily transient population I need to know whether I can trust you even if we aren t personally acuainted so you need to display something you can t fake to verify your membership in a group whom I respect if you forge an identity signifier you can take advantage of that identity group s social capital and your negative actions will degrade its reputation so there s a strong motivation to choose symbols that resist counterfeiting Skin color is inherent in auman body and largely unalterable so it is something I can reliably use to assess your identity and allegiance In all the book is an intriguing look at a brutal clandestine world Skarbek breathes dignity and rationality into the residents of an extremely dehumanizing system without apologizing for their atrocities and that s an admirable literary tightrope to walk You seldom get a book which is so admirably clear in its thesis explains why competing explanations are lacking in a conventionally academic book we would Attracting Songbirds to Your Backyard havead to dredge through chapters of the author engaging with nonsense in detail in this book this is dispensed with in a few paragraphs pointing out The Matriarchs (The Family how deficient these theories are and then goes on to show systematicallyow Notes for the Everlost his explanation is much convincing and action guiding Because of the visceral subject matter and stories the author can rely on this never ceases to be anything but a fascinating read even thoughe commendably makes When I Moan (Vassi and Seri 1: Russian Stepbrother Romance) his basic points up front and then the rest of the book is mostly repeatedly showingow these points relate to different aspects of prison life and culture The author never glamorises the subject but never demonises it either Thus e can credit prison gangs for dramatically reducing the
of violence American prisons while also ighlighting the misery and evil they fuel inside and outside of prisons I would Crush It! have liked the last chapter to be even ambitious andave explicitly suggested lessons from the study not only for prisons but for other areas of informal governance This book is a lot of fun It mixes a bunch of different types of evidence court transcripts interviews administrative What an amazing book I was a bit dubious going in that I would really be able to appreciate this book s topic but was very Attracting Birds to Your Backyard happily surprisedThe first 10 pages or so are an incredible description of what the book is all about and why it is important Breathtaking in it s fresh clear and realistic approach to explaining the rise of prison gangs and what to do about themThe book destroys the pernicious myth that prison gangs are the cause of crime andarms to prisoners The caselevel of violence
is patiently poignantly and persuasively made that the reverse is the case gangs alleviate crime and insecurity for prisoners thanpatiently poignantly and persuasively made that the reverse is the case gangs alleviate crime and insecurity for prisoners than causeFacts both anecdotal and as systematic as the data available allows are analyzed from a fresh economic perspective as free of stifling jargon as possible and made crystal clear in it s implications A theory of governance is used that acts like a clarifying lens to make comprehensible what is really going on in the prisons street gangs and political system After several iterations of the author s use of the theory to explain Deep Listening how prison gangs came to beow they operate what their upsides and downsides are I believe any reasonable reader will agree that the author Bird-by-Bird Gardening has not only madeis case but will think something like Oh geez why did we not think of that beforeThe author uses a wonderful device to The Works of Saint Augustine hook the reader and keepimher intrigued and emotionally connected throughout the book stories of real prisoners which are as poignant relevant and gripping as can beRead the first pa. Nal officers Yet as David Skarbek argues gangs form to create order among outlaws producing alternative governance institutions to facilitate illegal activity He uses economics to explore the secret world of the convict culture inmate Unbuttoning the CEO (The Suits Undone hierarchy and prison gang politics and to explain why prison gangs formow formal institutions affe.